Developer of 114 place centre loses DA appeal as QLD applies new planning framework
The Planning and Environment Court of Queensland have rejected an appeal made by a property developer seeking to build a 114 place early childhood education and care (ECEC) centre in Brisbane suburb, The Gap.
The developer, Ashvan Investments Unit Trust, lodged the appeal after a previous decision to deny the site’s development approval (DA) was rejected by Brisbane City Council on the grounds that the application was non compliant with planning regulations.
The Planning and Environment Court, presided over by Judge Williamson QC DJI, concluded that the application was not ultimately in the public interest based on the framework prescribed in the Planning Act 2016 (QLD) as opposed to the more well known, and rigid, prescriptions of the Sustainable Planning Act 2009 (QLD).
This decision is of real importance to operators, who are struggling to manage oversupply concerns in their catchments, and developers who are keen to continue to develop opportunities for new services as it suggests that in Queensland at least, the development application approval process is set to become more difficult.
At the heart of this new dynamic is the Planning Act 2016 (QLD) which was designed to promote a more flexible approach to the assessment of planning application documentation and will see the impact of the development on the existing community play a more significant role.
Analysis of suburb supply and demand trends core component of Judge’s decision
The key areas that the Judge considered in his investigation to validate the claims of non compliance alleged by Brisbane City Council and a group of community respondents with regards the application submitted by Ashvan Investments Unit Trust were as follows:
- Is the child care centre “well located” in terms of accessibility to families and proximity to services and does it comply with the Strategic Framework of City Plan 2014?
- Does the centre service a “local need” ie: the immediate suburb or is it likely that the centre services attract families from outside of the suburb catchment?
- Is the child care centres “built form” consistent with the buildings around it?
- Is there sufficient “buffering” between the new centre and surrounding building?
- Does the centre positively contribute to the “amenity” or desirability of the area by virtue of consideration of traffic flows and noise levels?
The court also considered the notion of “need” in detail.
Although not prescribed as a specific topic of examination by Judge Williamson, the fact that the developer lent material weight to the “need” argument in their submissions merited, in the eyes of the Judge, a separate examination, in particular with reference to supply and demand of license places already in the suburb.
Court concludes all but one topic did not meet required tests and rejects appeal
After a thorough analysis of the facts, Judge Williamson concluded that the proposed child care centre “did not, on balance meet the requirements of the new decision making framework.”
The site was deemed “well located” but:
- the usage of the centre was not likely to support only the needs of the community but those outside of the catchment too,
- that the built form was not consistent with adjacent dwellings,
- that there was insufficient “buffering” between neighbouring buildings and;
- the overall “amenity” of the locale was not sufficiently enhanced.
The court then spent some time analysing the supply of license places and the demand for those license places in the community.
Each of the economists representing the parties involved were asked to submit demand expectations for care and these were then compared to the current number of licence places available in the suburb.
In light of the submissions, the Judge was persuaded that The Gap was sufficiently well supplied for the foreseeable future in its current state and a new centre would impact the current equilibrium negatively which in turn did not serve the best interests of the community.
The appeal was therefore rejected and in so being created a new precedent for councils and communities to apply in their review and acceptance of development applications in Queensland going forward.