La Trobe delivers autism research breakthrough
Researchers from La Trobe University have shown that toddlers with autism spectrum disorder are just as capable of learning life skills through early intervention delivered in mainstream preschool settings as in specialised settings in a study released yesterday.
Over a three year period, 44 children aged between 15 and 32 months of age were randomly assigned to classrooms that included only children with autism or to classrooms with typically developing peers.
Using the same intervention method (the Group- Early Start Denver Model (G-EDSM)) developed at La Trobe, toddlers with autism showed improvements in vocal skills, social interaction, imitation, verbal cognition and adaptive behaviours, irrespective of the learning environment.
Dr Kristelle Hudry, a researcher involved in the study, said the findings confirm that supporting preschoolers and toddlers with autism in mainstream early childhood settings is achievable.
“We found that the overall quality of the learning and teaching environment in the mainstream playrooms was exceptionally high and graded equal when compared to the specialised playrooms,” Dr Hudry said.
An important finding of the study was that the added requirements involved in including children with autism into mainstream classrooms didn’t detract from student development, or reduce the attention the staff gave to typically developing children.
A team of professionals and researchers across three centres – the Olga Tennison Autism Research Centre (OTARC) and the Community Children’s Centre (CCC), both at La Trobe University, and Gowrie Victoria – conducted the research.
CCC Director and Training Coordinator, Kristy Capes, said educators went through rigorous training to provide the highest standard of teaching, and that the results of the study were a testament to this.
“The results give evidence for choice. We’re proud to have worked to fill a gap in autism research that could result in families being able to access specialised teaching and supports within their local community childcare centers,” Miss Capes said.
Dr Cathy Bent, an additional La Trobe researcher involved in the study, said it was important for children with a disability to have the opportunity to learn with their peers in regular educational settings, saying that inclusion can prevent discrimination, change social perceptions toward people on the (autism) spectrum, and encourage children to be more accepting of diversity from a young age.
Further research will be carried out by the research team, to extend the learning from this study. In 2019, research will focus on training and support for educators, with Dr Hudry describing the current training model as ‘very resource intensive’.
About: Group-Early Start Denver Model (G-ESDM)
- ESDM is an intensive model of early autism intervention with a foundational evidence-base for one-on-one delivery
- The team at La Trobe developed G-ESDM; an adaptation for use in group environments
- In G-ESDM, staff work with children to support their individual learning goals within group activities
- ESDM is a naturalistic developmental model, which targeting learning goals that are appropriate for the child’s development stage and embeds these within their natural routines. For this reason, it is particularly well-suited to use in early childhood settings